The Fed has already concluded permanent swap agreements with the Bank of Canada, the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan and the Swiss National Bank. Updated on 14.4.2020: India discusses with the United States a bilateral currency exchange line. With Negara Malaysia Bank, BI has signed the bilateral local currency swap agreement, which allows both central banks to access, if necessary, foreign currency liquidity. Both also signed a Memorandum of Understanding to strengthen cooperation on innovation in the field of payments and digital financial services, as well as on the supervision of the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing. With the increase in economic and financial ties between Thailand and Japan, the Central Bank`s additional liquidity channel through this exchange agreement will strengthen the stability of the financial system and further promote the use of local currencies. Japan, Malaysia will have access to $3 billion through the 2nd bilateral exchange agreement The bilateral foreign exchange agreement will also increase India`s foreign exchange reserves (FOREX). India`s FOREX reserves have fallen since peaking at US$426.08 billion in April 2018. This is because the RBI sold US dollar reserves to curb the devaluation of the rupee. With the currency swap agreement, India will have $75 billion in additional foreign capital that can be used if needed. It will reduce the costs of access to foreign capital. On March 19, 27, 2020, the United States opened temporary swap agreements with the central banks of Australia, Brazil, Denmark, South Korea, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, Singapore and Sweden, which are expected to last at least six months for a total of $450 billion. Japan and Malaysia have signed a second bilateral exchange agreement, which frees up to $3 billion in capital to both countries.
This agreement will allow India and Japan to act in their own currencies and reduce pressure on India`s current account. The agreement allows central banks to exchange local currencies up to RP28 trillion. This will complement efforts to support the wider use of local currencies to facilitate cross-border economic activity between Malaysia and Indonesia. The period of validity of the agreement shall be three years and may be extended by mutual agreement between the central banks. In addition, the Central Bank and the Monetary Authority of Singapore have agreed to extend the $10 billion bilateral exchange agreements for another year. This cooperation includes bilateral local currency swap and US dollar repo agreements, both signed in November 2018. The Central Bank also signed a local currency settlement agreement with the Central Bank of Thailand and had a positive impact on bilateral trade between the two countries. . . .